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The Proximity Factor: Impact of Distance on Co-Located Collaboration

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Association for Computing Machinery


Groups collaborating around a large wall display can do so in a variety of arrangements, positioning themselves at different distances from the display and from each other. We examined the impact of proximity on the effectiveness and enjoyment of co-located collaboration. Our results revealed collaborative benefits when participants were positioned close together, and interaction with the display was felt to be more effective when participants were close to the display. However, clear tradeoffs were evident for these configurations. When at a distance to the display, the choice of direct versus indirect interaction revealed that interactions were easier when using direct input but the effectiveness of the collaboration was compromised.


Hawkey, Kirstie; Kellar, Melanie; Reilly, Derek; Whalen, Tara; Inkpen, Kori M. (2005): The Proximity Factor: Impact of Distance on Co-Located Collaboration. Proceedings of the 2005 ACM International Conference on Supporting Group Work. DOI: 10.1145/1099203.1099209. New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery. pp. 31–40. Sanibel Island, Florida, USA