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Emergent temporal behaviour and collaborative work

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Springer, London


Although collaboration manifestly takes place in time, the role of time in shaping the behaviour of collaborations, and collaborative systems, is not well understood. Time is more than clock-time or the subjective experience of time
its effects on systems include differential rates of change of system elements, temporally non-linear behaviour and phenomena such as entrainment and synchronization. As a system driver, it generates emergent effects shaping systems and their behaviour. In the paper we present a systems view of time, and consider the implications of such a view through the case of collaborative development of a new university timetabling system. Teasing out the key temporal phenomena using the notion of temporal trajectories helps us understand the emergent temporal behaviour and suggests a means for improving outcomes.


Seebeck, Lesley; Kim, Richard M.; Kaplan, Simon M. (2005): Emergent temporal behaviour and collaborative work. ECSCW 2005: Proceedings of the Ninth European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work. DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4023-7_7. Springer, London. ISBN: 978-1-4020-4023-8. pp. 123-142. Full Papers. Paris, France. 18–22 September 2005